The hybrid vehicle comprises a supercharged internal combustion engine having an overboost function and at least one electric drive. Das Hybridfahrzeug weist. Many translated example sentences containing "supercharged engine" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Ein Lader ist ein Luftkompressor, der den Druck oder die Dichte der Luft erhöht, die einem Verbrennungsmotor zugeführt wird. Dies gibt jedem Ansaugzyklus des Motors mehr Sauerstoff, wodurch er mehr Kraftstoff verbrennt und mehr Arbeit leistet.
SuperchargerLernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'supercharged' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten. Supercharged Definition: If a car engine is supercharged, it has more air than normal forced into it so that the | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und. The hybrid vehicle comprises a supercharged internal combustion engine having an overboost function and at least one electric drive. Das Hybridfahrzeug weist.
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You could feel the crackle in the supercharged air of a gender whose time had come. He had the look of a man whose original rustic stolidity had been supercharged with cockney cunning.
Want to learn more? There was a supercharged atmosphere during the debate. Strong feelings. Translations of supercharged in Chinese Traditional.
Need a translator? Translator tool. What is the pronunciation of supercharged? It gets its power the same way that the water pump or alternator does.
A turbocharger, on the other hand, gets its power from the exhaust stream. The exhaust runs through a turbine , which in turn spins the compressor see How Gas Turbine Engines Work for details.
There are tradeoffs in both systems. Superchargers are powered mechanically by belt- or chain-drive from the engine's crankshaft.
An ordinary four-stroke engine dedicates one stroke to the process of air intake. There are three steps in this process:.
Once air is drawn into the engine, it must be combined with fuel to form the charge -- a packet of potential energy that can be turned into useful kinetic energy through a chemical reaction known as combustion.
The spark plug initiates this chemical reaction by igniting the charge. As the fuel undergoes oxidation, a great deal of energy is released.
The force of this explosion, concentrated above the cylinder head, drives the piston down and creates a reciprocating motion that is eventually transferred to the wheels.
Getting more fuel into the charge would make for a more powerful explosion. But you can't simply pump more fuel into the engine because an exact amount of oxygen is required to burn a given amount of fuel.
This chemically correct mixture -- 14 parts air to one part fuel -- is essential for an engine to operate efficiently. The bottom line: To put in more fuel, you have to put in more air.
That's the job of the supercharger. Superchargers increase intake by compressing air above atmospheric pressure, without creating a vacuum. This forces more air into the engine, providing a "boost.
Supercharging adds an average of 46 percent more horsepower and 31 percent more torque. In high-altitude situations, where engine performance deteriorates because the air has low density and pressure, a supercharger delivers higher-pressure air to the engine so it can operate optimally.
Unlike turbochargers, which use the exhaust gases created by combustion to power the compressor, superchargers draw their power directly from the crankshaft.
Most are driven by an accessory belt, which wraps around a pulley that is connected to a drive gear. The drive gear, in turn, rotates the compressor gear.
The rotor of the compressor can come in various designs, but its job is to draw air in, squeeze the air into a smaller space and discharge it into the intake manifold.
To pressurize the air, a supercharger must spin rapidly -- more rapidly than the engine itself. Making the drive gear larger than the compressor gear causes the compressor to spin faster.
Superchargers can spin at speeds as high as 50, to 65, rotations per minute RPM. Oh, God. For me this was a real life movie moment.
I literally closed my eyes, reached up in the sky with my glove, and was just like, Ohhh, I hope, I hope, I hope it, and guess what?
The ball actually fell into my glove. Now, the point of sharing that quick story is that for me, it was the first experience that I can remember, that I opened myself up to possibilities.
Not just faith in a high power per se, but really you have to take ownership. I have to believe in this more than anything. In terms of self image or self assessment, it goes back to either some of those soft skills, or it goes back to really just taking a look at how you act, how you interact.
His designs show a two-lobe rotor assembly with each rotor having the same shape as the other. Although the design resembled the Roots style compressor, the "screws" were clearly shown with degrees of twist along their length.
Unfortunately, the technology of the time was not sufficient to produce such a unit, and Heinrich made no further progress with the screw compressor.
He also patented the method for machining the compressor rotors. There are two main types of superchargers defined according to the method of gas transfer: positive displacement and dynamic compressors.
Positive displacement blowers and compressors deliver an almost constant level of pressure increase at all engine speeds RPM.
Dynamic compressors do not deliver pressure at low speeds; above a threshold, speed pressure increases exponentially.
Positive-displacement pumps deliver a nearly fixed volume of air per revolution at all speeds minus leakage, which is almost constant at all speeds for a given pressure, thus its importance decreases at higher speeds.
Positive-displacement superchargers are usually rated by their capacity per revolution. In the case of the Roots blower, the GMC rating pattern is typical.
The GMC types are rated according to how many two-stroke cylinders, and the size of those cylinders, it is designed to scavenge. GMC has made 2—71, 3—71, 4—71, and the famed 6—71 blowers.
However, because 6—71 is actually the engine's designation, the actual displacement is less than the simple multiplication would suggest.
Aftermarket derivatives continue the trend with 8—71 to current 16—71 blowers used in different motorsports. From this, one can see that a 6—71 is roughly twice the size of a 3— Dynamic compressors rely on accelerating the air to high speed and then exchanging that velocity for pressure by diffusing or slowing it down.
One disadvantage of supercharging is that compressing the air increases its temperature. Extreme temperatures will cause detonation of the fuel-air mixture spark ignition engines and damage to the engine.
In cars, this can cause a problem when it is a hot day outside, or when an excessive level of boost is reached. It is possible to estimate the temperature rise across a supercharger by modeling it as an isentropic process.
This temperature is known as the compressor discharge temperature CDT and highlights why a method for cooling the air after the compressor is so important.
Note: in the example above, the ambient air pressure 1. While it is true that higher intake temperatures for internal combustion engines will ingest air of lower density, this only holds correct for static, unchanging air pressure.
However, the heating of the air, while in the supercharger compressor, does not reduce the density of the air due to its rise in temperature.
The rise in temperature is due to its rise in pressure. Energy is being added to the air and this is seen in both its energy, internal to the molecules temperature and of the air in static pressure, as well as the velocity of the gas.
Inter-cooling makes no change in the density of the air after it has been compressed. It is only removing the thermal energy of the air from the compression process.
In two-stroke engines , scavenging is required to purge exhaust gasses, as well as charge the cylinders for the next power stroke.